Groundwater has played a major role in improving India’s food security through the green revolution. Today, nearly seventy percent of India’s irrigated agriculture is dependent on groundwater. Growth of the agricultural economy and groundwater development have progressed parallel to each other. The importance of groundwater as a resource remained neglected over the decades even while agrarian growth was concurrent to groundwater development. In the absence of any clear and independent groundwater policy, aquifers are being exploited at far greater rates than they are replenished leading to a variety of problems. It is therefore essential to understand the role of groundwater in agriculture in India and also develop practices that will enable in improving agricultural livelihoods while ensuring resource security to our aquifers. ACWADAM’s research on aquifers and agriculture deals with various aspects of groundwater in agriculture including the key role that groundwater can play in rainfed agriculture, soil moisture management and the hydrogeology - vadose hydrology linkage. On more conventional terms, groundwater irrigation management through a system of aquifer management protocols has also been part of such action-research.

Correspondence address:

Advanced Center for Water Resouces Development and Management
ACWADAM ,"Suvidya", 27, Lane no. 3,
Kshipra Society, Karve Nagar,
Pune - 411 052 Maharashtra, India

Registered address:

ACWADAM, 4, Lenyadri society,
Sus Road, Pashan,
Pune – 411021. Maharashtra, India